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The ancient city of Ancona (from the ancient Greek “elbow”) was founded in 390 BC. The settlement got its name from the elbow-shaped promontory protecting the area, which forms a harbor, perfect for arranging a seaport. Almost two and a half centuries later, due to the successful strategic location, the port city became a tasty morsel for Dalmatia, and fell before Caesar, becoming a Roman colony.
Already in the 7th century, southern Slavs settled here in considerable numbers, bringing into the atmosphere and architecture of the city with its own unique flavor. At various times, Ancona became the subject of encroachment on the throne of the Pope, the Republic of Venice, and the emperors of Germany, who periodically besieged the city, trying to subjugate the republic to themselves.
Ancient Roman amphitheater in Ancona Gep
Starting from the 15th century, Ancona was replenished with Croats, Bosnians, residents of Herzegovina who fled from the Ottoman yoke, who also contributed to the architectural development and culture. Already in 1533, the settlement received several dozen Marranos (Jews), who, with the permission of the Pope, equipped their religious building – the synagogue.
During the time of Napoleon, Ancona became a republic, but after its defeat it returned to the Papal Throne, and since 1861 the city became part of the Kingdom of Italy. The city is under the protectorate of this state to this day, developing as a major seaport, it is the capital of the Marche district and a tourist center.
Piazza del Plebiscito staircase in Ancona Diego Baglieri
Numerous photos and descriptions of the sights of Ancona in Italy, reviews of tourists who have visited this picturesque and interesting place in all respects, do not leave indifferent travelers who want to feel the absorbing aura cities and see everything with your own eyes.
What is remarkable about Ancona
Given the rich historical past, there is something to see in Ancona. Architecture, museums, ancient temples and fortresses – all this, no doubt, will arouse the genuine interest of lovers of antiquity and seekers of new knowledge. The most popular places here are:
- The triumphal arch of the Roman emperor Trajan, erected at the beginning of the second century AD;
Arch of Emperor Trajan in Ancona MarkusMark
- Museum of Italian, Greek, Roman antiquities of the Marche region; Pinakothek – the Greek analogue of the art gallery, containing more than a hundred works of the XIV-XVIII centuries; The Loret Basilica is a place of worship for numerous Christian pilgrims Santa Casa (Holy House) is an invaluable Catholic shrine, the history of which began with the fact that St. miraculous birth of her son Jesus. The legend describes the repeated relocation of the house, which eventually ended up in its current location near Ancona. Around it, a basilica was erected;
Basilica della Santa Casa in Ancona Carlo Raso
Official website: http://www.santuarioloreto.
- Lazaretto, or as it is also called Mole Vanvitelliana, is a huge pentagonal building-island, which at one time served as a port quarantine zone. During its long history, this unique building has been used as a defensive citadel, a hospital, a sugar and tobacco factory. Today, one part of it offers tourists various exhibitions, the other part of the building itself has become an exhibit, showing the rooms where visitors used to live, and the warehouses where the brought goods were stored. An original museum of tactile sensations is also organized here – its exhibits can and even need to be touched by hands.
Mole Vanviteliana from Capodimonte in Ancona Claudio.stanco
There are also many attractions in the vicinity of Ancona in Italy, there are many architectural and historical monuments, museums, ancient temples and fortresses that will also be of interest to tourists.
Feel the atmosphere of Ancona in this beautiful video!
How to get there and where to stay
The province of the Marche and its capital have an excellent travel infrastructure, including almost all types of vehicles:
- for moving around the city there are shuttle buses and traditionally comfortable and efficient round-the-clock taxis, you can use a rental bike; airport – without problems accepts flights from major air carriers. If necessary, you can use the air gates of Venice or Bologna; railway – the Bologna-Lecce canvas passes through the city, but tourists should take note that the station has two lines of tracks with index 2, which, unknowingly, can be confused. Specify from which your composition is sent: from platform 2 or from platform 2Ovest; public transport – intercity bus service is organized in its mass from Piazza Cavour. There are only two exceptions: to Falconara and Portonovo buses leave from the railway station; car rental is a profitable option for family travel lovers, since the rental price is lower than the price of a railway ticket for one person. Staying in Ancona, you will not remain indifferent to the proximity of Tuscany and Florence, Venice and Rome, which will become even more accessible if you have a car at hand. You can make a rental right at the airport; sea ferry – this type of transport can be used when traveling to Greece, Croatia, Montenegro.
As for hotels for accommodation, the choice is small, but the quality and wide price range will help you choose a place and service to your taste and wallet. Perhaps the only drawback of living in the capital of the district is that vacationers will have to get to the sandy beach for a long time. In addition to the fact that the city is located on rocks, its coast is completely built up with port facilities and berths for numerous small-tonnage ships, boats and yachts. The only beach is a concrete platform, to which you need to go down the stairs. Sea and sun lovers are advised to choose Torretta, Portonovo, Santa Maria di Badia or the resorts of Senigallia and Gabicce Mare located near Ancona.
Climate and weather conditions
The Mediterranean has a mild climate, which is also characteristic of Ancona. Short-term summer rains rarely occur here, and the average daily temperature does not fall below 23 degrees Celsius. In winter, there is more precipitation, but you will not see negative temperatures on the thermometer – the limit is 3-5 degrees Celsius. The season here runs from May to September. Gardens are fragrant in spring, there are a lot of fruits in summer, and the velvet season traditionally pleases with warmth and sun before a dank winter, when the main annual rainfall falls. You can swim already in June, and the beach season ends in October, when the summer water temperature of 27-28 degrees drops to just 20-21.
Cuisine, shopping, entertainment
Panorama of a summer beach holiday in AnconaAndrea Passoni
As for Italian cuisine, there is hardly a person who has not tried pasta, pizza and risotto in his life. In Ancona, these and other diverse dishes with local flavor will be offered to you by many cafes and restaurants at quite reasonable prices. The tastes of those who prefer other national cuisine to local food will also be satisfied, for example, there are sushi bars. If you wish, and most importantly, if you have the opportunity, you can visit an elite institution with a claim to the status of visitors and delights in cuisine.
Summer cafe in the ancient city of Ancona Javier Cuervo
Italians are especially reverent in the manufacture and sale of wine products, but traditionally a wide selection of sweets and the famous Italian ice cream will please both children and adults.
< p>The streets of the city abound with all sorts of shops and shops, on their shelves you can choose a souvenir that will remind you of the pleasant moments of the trip or become a gift from the trip for friends or colleagues. Fans of handicrafts also have plenty to choose from; in some stores, the owners open workshops where visitors can make their own memorable handicrafts.
Trading from stalls in the square in Ancona teens4unity
Here you can also profitably buy clothes, shoes, cosmetics, walking through numerous boutiques, multi-brand stores and outlets. There are a number of grocery outlets that have a unique range of products made in the Marche region. Read also about the sights of Puglia and be inspired to travel further in Italy.