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Austria remains the most desired holiday destination for many tourists. The sights of Austria beckon lovers of diverse cultures from all over the world. Each excursion ordered by you is accompanied by an interesting story about the sights. Professional guides reveal in its entirety the centuries-old history and traditions of this country. Perhaps, after getting acquainted with the monuments of architecture, this state will forever remain a great love, in which the sights of Austria, its history, and modernity are intricately intertwined.
What to see in Austria in the first place
Regardless of whether your companions will be guides in Austria, friends or relatives, you need to decide in advance on the choice of places you want to go to. It is worth planning a route based on the number of days you will spend in a picturesque European country, your interests (nature, educational tourism, sports activities, etc.), as well as whether you are going to travel with children.
1. St. Stephen's Cathedral (Vienna)
Mosaic roof of St. Stephen's Cathedral
Each country has its own age-old symbols, in which the spirit of the nation is concentrated. The sights of Austria are headed by St. Stephen's Cathedral. The majestic spire of St. Stephen's Cathedral is one such iconic concept. Suffice it to say that the spire of the Cathedral rises to 136 meters. They can be admired from any part of Vienna. The cathedral is made in the Gothic style, it rises monumentally on the main city square.
For tourists, the Cathedral is interesting for its history and architectural beauty. The Austrians themselves revere the relic because of the abundance of cultural rarities stored inside.
- Church utensils handmade. Icons, many of which are more than one century old.
Austrians respectfully call Steffi Cathedral. Its history is truly unique. For seven centuries it has been an integral part of Austrian culture. The architecture of the building is impressive.
It has everything to amaze the tourist's imagination:
- Stained-glass windows. Mosaic roof. Pointed towers. Noble stucco. oval windows.
The cathedral was founded in 1359.
Conceptually, it consists of two towers: North and South. The northern one remained unfinished, its height is only 70 meters. The temple is accessible for inspection, both towers have viewing platforms for tourists.
To understand how much the Austrians love all the sights of Austria and their “Steffi”, it is enough to remember that, after a devastating fire in 1945, the cathedral was being restored almost entirely on charitable donations from ordinary citizens.
Official website: http://www.stephanskirche.at/
2. Hofburg Palace (Vienna)< /h3>
Imperial residence Hofburg Palace
What could be more interesting for a tourist than the habitat of the imperial family? In Vienna, the Hofburg is carefully treated, which is the winter residence of the Habsburg dynasty. This is a medieval castle, the history of which dates back many centuries. The first mention of the residence is in 1279.
Currently, the palace has been restored. All 2600 halls are completely recreated in it. Moreover, the current president uses some of the premises of the Hofburg as a personal residence. The history of the Hofburg is interesting because at different times the castle was completed by someone from the imperial dynasty. So, for example, the Swiss Gate appeared during the reign of Ferdinand I.
The chambers of the Empress with their defiant luxury appeared under Rudolf II. Leopold I arranged the famous wine cellars in the castle. And the grandiose Spanish arena was erected on the territory of the castle under Charles VI. Interestingly, horses of the Lipizzan breed, known all over the world, still perform in this arena. With awe and shudder, tourists perceive the information that in 1938, on the balcony of the castle, Hitler proclaimed the Anschluss, which marked the annexation of Austria to Germany.
Official website: https://www.
3. Belvedere Palace (Vienna)
Belvedere Palace with a garden
What to visit in Austria? Blessed Belvedere Palace Complex! It was erected by order of Prince Eugene of Savoy. This happened in the 18th century, and since then the summer residence in Landstrasse has remained the pearl of Austria. Belvedere always shines with its beauty. This is the best work in the Baroque style by Lukas von Hildebrandth. The prince felt protected and peaceful here, his chambers are the epitome of luxury and comfort. Maria Theresa did not hesitate to buy Belvedere immediately after the death of the prince.
Since the 18th century, the Belvedere has remained virtually unchanged. The Austrians periodically carry out restoration work, carefully preserving the historical appearance of the ensemble. The baroque composition is formed not only by the architectural complex, but also by the gardens adjacent to it. The Austrian gallery, known throughout the world as a repository of rare masterpieces, is also located in the palace.
Significant events are associated with the name Belvedere for Austrians:
- The signing of the Vienna Protocol in 1941. Signing of the Austrian Declaration of Independence in 1955.
To touch the historical facades of the Belvedere means to feel the living breath of Austrian history.
Official website: https://www.belvedere.at/en
4. Schönbrunn Palace (Vienna)
Flower garden on the square in front of Schönbrunn Palace
In 1996, Schönbrunn entered the UNESCO World Heritage List. The magnificent palace, which is the main imperial residence of the Habsburgs, is surrounded by a park ensemble. The exquisite sophistication of the building competes with the luxurious fountains and statues that surround the palace.
Thinking about what to visit in Austria, pay attention to how the Austrians value the spirit of history and everything that makes up the uniqueness of the Schönbrunn residence. Several pseudo-Roman ruins are located on the territory of the park, which make an indelible impression on tourists.
The first mention of the palace dates back to the 14th century in the annals of the Klosterneuburg Monastery. It passed into the jurisdiction of the Habsburgs in 1569. The magnificent ensemble got its name due to the fact that in 1612 Emperor Matthew discovered Schöne Brunnen here, which means “beautiful springs”.
During the reign of Maria Theresa, the palace turned into a summer residence of the imperial family and was filled with sophistication that only a woman could bring to the interior. At present, the reconstruction program of the palace is entrusted to Schloß Schönbrunn Kultur, which undertakes to preserve the historical appearance of the building and maintain its engineering and technical communications.
Official website: https://www.schoenbrunn.at/en/
5. Mozart's House (Vienna)
where Mozart was born”
It is known that the great Mozart traveled a lot around the world. He generously gave away his talent to people, but his beloved Vienna gave him special inspiration. Of all the habitats of Mozart, his only apartment has been preserved, which has been preserved in the same form. Her address is Domgasse, 5. The composer's apartment consisted of 4 rooms and 2 offices. It was here that the opera “The Marriage of Figaro” was written, which is especially dear to the Austrians.
The period of residence in this apartment was marked by the social popularity of the young Mozart. Countless love adventures and gushing inspiration formed the basis of the composer's spiritual life. Mozart gladly accepted many invitations to perform in various palaces, salons and concert halls.
But most often he returned to this apartment, where he continued to create. The capital reconstruction of the apartment was made in 2006. Currently, it houses the Museum, covering an area of 1000 square meters. The world of the composer is reproduced delicately and subtly here.
Official site: http://www.mozarthausvienna.at/
Feel the atmosphere of Austria in this beautiful video!
6. Herberstein Castle (Styria)
Inner courtyard of Herberstein Castle
If you do not know what to visit in Austria, pay attention to Herberstein Castle. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it is located on a stone block. The castle rises above sea level by more than 400 meters. In German, its name means Bitter Stone. A panoramic view of the mysterious gorge opens from any point of the castle.
The first mention of this amazing structure dates back to the 13th century. It was then that the famous diplomatic family of Herberstein began to officially own the residence. A powerful weapons arsenal was a reliable defense for the castle. For four centuries, he never fell into the hands of enemies. The Herbersteins defended their possessions not for life, but for death.
The uniqueness of architecture lies in the variety of styles. Connoisseurs highlight the features of the Renaissance, Baroque and Gothic. Herberstein were not disposed to flashy luxury, so the castle looks ascetic and restrained. But its merit is the park ensemble with the “Rose Pavilion”, which is included in the list of “Sights of Austria”.
The dynasty includes high-born titles, including earls and barons. Membership in the diplomatic corps was hereditary in this dynasty. A prominent representative of the surname is Sigmund von Herberstein, who speaks many languages. He made a career as a diplomat at the court of Kaiser Maximilian I. Today, Herberstein is the pride of Austria, so the castle is carefully preserved for posterity.
7. Schönbrunn Zoo (Vienna)
Enclosures at Schönbrunn Zoo
The sights of Austria excite the imagination of travelers. Tourists visiting Austria need to think in advance what to see in Austria. For example, they will be interested to know that zoos have existed in this country since the 16th century. The Shenbrunn Zoo was founded in 1570. But earlier it was considered only a menagerie. It received the status of a zoo in 1752, according to the will of Emperor Franz I.
Interesting architecture of the zoo. Its design consists of 13 compartments, forming the shape of a cut cake. Since 1799, ordinary people could come to the zoo for free. The zoo was replenished with exotic animals from America and Africa, where Joseph II organized expeditions especially for this purpose.
Tourists listen with great pleasure to the story that in 1906 a baby elephant was born here. This is a unique event, as no elephants have ever been born in captivity. Currently, the zoo has been privatized, and Dagmara Schratter has become its owner. In 2002, its 250th anniversary was solemnly celebrated. The issue of a 5 euro coin is timed to coincide with this moment, which depicts the central pavilion of the zoo and several animals in front of it.
Official website: https://www.zoovienna.at/en/
8. Neusiedlersee Seewinkel National Park
The waters of the Neusiedlersee Seewinkel National Park
What to see in Austria? Of course, the Neusiedlersee-Seewinkel National Park! The sights of Austria were replenished in 1932, when this park was organized on the shallow lake Neusiedler See. The area of the reserve is 35,000 hectares. This is a protected natural complex, which is a nesting place for many species of birds. For tourists, the reserve is interesting for its diverse landscapes. In particular, they are happy to get acquainted with reed beds, meadows and Central European steppes.
Most of all, it is interesting to visit the reserve during the period of seasonal bird migration. Their number here increases several times. The reserve was awarded the status of a national park in 1993. The protected zone, together with the park, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Natural, natural beauty is carefully protected by the government. The condition and number of poultry is constantly monitored.
Interestingly, the park is located on the border with Hungary and Austria. Therefore, the natural complex was merged with the Hungarian Ferte-Hanshag nature reserve, which is adjacent to this protected area from the Hungarian side. Here you can observe the life of birds and animals in natural conditions. But no less interesting for travelers are the crystal clear waters of the lake in reed and reed thickets.
Official website: http://www.nationalpark
9. Ice Cave Giants Eisriesenwelt (Werfen)
Passage to the entrance of the cave of the ice giants Eisriesenwelt
The depth of the ice cave is 407 m. At the same time, the volume of ice ledges on the arches of the cave exceeds 25,000 cubic meters. The cave is located at an altitude of 1641 m in the Alps. Nature miraculously placed it inside the famous Hochkogel mountain. It seems that universal secrets are collected here. And if you have not yet decided what to see in Austria, the cave should be included in your plans.
The cave consists of many mysterious passages that the river naturally laid here. Limestone rocks have been eroded by water for several millennia.
Ice growths on the walls and vaults were formed in the process of natural melting of alpine snows. As the avalanches descended and compacted in the cave, the water did its job. Snow masses over the centuries turned into blocks of ice. Despite the fact that tourists are allowed into the cave no further than 1 kilometer, they have enough enchanting experiences for a lifetime.
There are magnificent stalagmites, many of which have their own names:
- Himira Castle. Big ice embankment. Ice Palace. Frigga's Veil.
The cave is located near the town of Werfen. Moreover, the interest of local residents in it does not dry out just like the curiosity of tourists.
Official website: http://www.eisriesenwelt.at/en/
10. Carinthia Region
One of the mountain lakes of Carinthia
The resort area of Carinthia with a blessed climate and virginally beautiful nature attracts those who think what to see in Austria. They are ski lovers. Carinthia is the southernmost region of Austria, which borders Slovenia and Italy. The second name of Carinthia, the “Austrian Riviera”, has firmly rooted all over the world.
The area is full of magnificent sparkling snowy valleys and mirror lakes. Tiny resort towns, hidden along the shores of lakes and picturesque mountain slopes, are famous for their exquisite hotel service.
Beach tourism infrastructure here meets the highest criteria. At the same time, tourists are attracted not only by modern ski slopes, but also by the sights of Austria. They have the opportunity to get up close and personal with the palaces and castles that the land of Carinthia is famous for.
Tourist routes passing through Carinthia are interesting not only for outdoor enthusiasts. Admirers of exquisite solitude and true connoisseurs of mountain landscapes come here. The capital of Carinthia is the city of Klagenfurt. Here is the longest lake Wörther See, which has a length of 20 km. It is as if sandwiched between the northern mountains, so it delights with its beauty at any time of the year.
Sights of Austria: what else to visit while in Austria
If you have enough time, energy and financial opportunities not only for the main attractions, you should definitely go on excursions in Austria to places that are not so famous, but no less amazing beauty and history. And do not forget to leave time for rest, so that you are always full of energy and open to learning new sights.
11. Tauern (Tyrol, Carinthia and Salzburg)
Tauern mountain landscape
Tauern is considered the largest nature reserve in Europe. The protected area exceeds 180,000 hectares. With a relatively short history, the reserve has become one of the most popular holiday destinations in Europe. The main value of the reserve is the pristine beauty of the mountains. Here, the peaks of snow-capped mountain peaks delight with snowy overflows, therefore the National Park is rightfully called the most picturesque part of Austria.
There is plenty of everything here:
- Glacier fields of mountain rivers. Alpine meadows.
The thundering mountain waterfalls of Krimmer and Golling sparkle in the sun with billions of splashes at any time of the year. They reflect both the sky and the sun, so they are a blessedly beautiful picture. The tourism business here is well-established, and client centers are located in Matreit, Niedernsill and Mallnitz.
12. Dachstein Mountains (Alps)
Lake in the Dachstein massif
Dachstein covers an area of 600 square kilometers. It is the second highest mountain in the Alps. All over the world, this tourist route is known as the city of three lands, since the massif is located on the territory of three Austrian regions: Upper Austria, Styria and Salzburg. Climbing up the cable car, you can see from above the wild beauty of the mountains, untouched by man. It seems that the peaks rest against the sky itself.
A large number of caves gave rise to many legends in these places. Folklore tells that there are many good spirits here. Tourists are happy to hear stories about them, but most of all, their imagination is shaken by the panoramic views of Lake Gosausee. It gives the impression of a blue bowl immersed in white-silvery mountains.
Picturesque green slopes frame the lake from all sides. Just looking closer, you can see traces of civilization here. Tiny campsites have the most polished service, so staying here is a memory for a long time.
The freshness of the local air is amazing. In just a few days, a person feels a surge of new strength. The purity and freshness of the water in the lake is provided by melted streams that constantly flow down the slope of the mountains.
13. Karl-Marx-Hof (Vienna)
Facade of the Karl-Marx-Hof house
The residential building Karl-Marx-Hof is not included in the list of “Sights of Austria”, but it is interesting in its own way. In 1927, the Social Democratic Party of Austria took the initiative to create a house of common residence for the poor. His goal was to defeat poverty. The ruling party has practically coped with this task. In parallel with the introduction of the luxury tax, the construction of a house began, which was 1,100 meters long. It has 98 entrances, and 1382 apartments. The apartments have a compact footage, the largest of them reaches 60 square meters.
The house was built, and the socio-economic situation in the city improved relatively. It became a monument to the desire of the city authorities to take care of the poor. But in 1934, during the February Uprising, the house was seriously damaged and was repaired only in 1950.
It is interesting that the famous film “The Night Porter” was filmed on the basis of this house. We can say that this building is a kind of prototype of modern residential complexes, in which, in addition to private apartments, common areas with services are arranged.
Official website: http://dasrotewien -waschsalon.at/
There are many reasons to visit Austria. There are many attractions and natural beauties. But the main reason why tourists come here is the Alps. Their length is 500 kilometers. Ski lovers are in for a real paradise. Campsites and hotels with high quality service are prepared for them. There are 70 ski areas. And all of them are divided according to the levels of training of tourists. Safety is paramount here.
Austrian service is considered the standard of service. Therefore, world celebrities are happy to come to the Alps to relax in order to see all the sights of Austria.
Ski tourism here is thought out to the smallest detail. Tourists are especially pleased that the ski-pass here is paid at a time. This makes it possible to change routes almost every day, I enjoy more and more new alpine landscapes. To all the pleasures that a ski resort promises, divinely clean air and magnificent landscape panoramas are added that open up here for all tourists.
15. Imperial Crypt (Vienna)
Last home of emperors
The Imperial Crypt is the resting place of the emperors of the Roman and Austrian empires, as well as the emperors of Austria-Hungary. Above the crypt is the Church of the Capuchins. Emperors have rested here since 1633. In total, 12 emperors and 19 empresses are buried here. Including the second wife of Napoleon 1, Maria Louise, as well as the Emperor of Mexico, Maximilian, are buried here.
In addition, many members of the Habsburg family were also buried here. More than 140 nobles rest in the imperial crypt. Respect for the imperial family can be traced in the solid ritual symbolism, which is full of the crypt. There are many mourning sculptures and images.
Tourists are interested to know that, according to ancient tradition, the hearts of the Habsburgs were buried in Silver vessels, and not in sarcophagi.
The first emperors to rest in the crypt were Empress Anna and Emperor Matthew. Emperor Franz Joseph I was the last to be buried here. All the hearts of the Habsburgs are buried in the crypt of hearts, which is located in the Augustinian church. The funeral ceremony with the burial of hearts was held from 1654 to 1878. Currently, the crypt is guarded by capuchins.
16. Baden Casino (Lower Austria)
Neo-Renaissance Baden Casino building in Lower Austria Bwag
The country of mountains, the richest architecture and geniuses of music is charming Austria. Vienna's attractions include hundreds of museums, art galleries, the Cathedral and dozens of other cathedrals, and many opulent palaces. Autumn balls, the Vienna Opera, classical music festivals are known all over the world. Along with the large and magnificent cities of this country, there are small and original ones that complement the true image of Austria. One of them is the town of Baden near the Vienna Woods, which is famous for its thermal springs and the famous casino, which has become a popular place for recreation and entertainment. In terms of architecture, this magnificent building is considered the most beautiful gambling establishment in all of Europe. Today, in the elegant atmosphere of the casino, the most passionate visitors can plunge headlong into the world of gambling.
Official website: https://www.casinos
17. Hohensalzburg Castle (Salzburg)
Medieval castle Hohensalzburg on top of Mount Festung
Among the ancient fortresses of Europe, Hohensalzburg Castle occupies a place of honor not only due to the maximum safety of the buildings, but also due to its impressive size – this is why lovers of medieval history are so fond of visiting these walls. This castle is the heart of ancient Salzburg. Its history goes back 9 centuries, during which the appearance of the building has hardly changed. That is why today you can get the most accurate picture of the life of the medieval Austrian nobility here, as well as visit one of the interesting exhibitions, the Princely Chambers with their preserved unique interior, the Golden Hall, upholstered in leather with gold embossing. During the tour, visitors are told about the main milestones in the history of the castle and about the life of its inhabitants.
Official website: https://www.salzburg
18. Swarovski Crystal Worlds (Wattens)
Exhibit of the Swarovski Zairon Crystal Museum
When choosing where to go in Austria, in order to dilute the impressions of exploring the numerous palaces and castles with something new and original, we recommend choosing Swarovski Crystal Worlds. This is a fairy-tale world – a world of crystals, crystal figures, paintings, sculptures and sparkling labyrinths. The fantasy museum, created by artist Andre Heller, consists of 14 rooms of the “underground kingdom”, which is guarded at the entrance by a giant with crystal eyes and water spewing from his mouth. Guests of this unreal world can make an extraordinary journey through a multi-colored sparkling labyrinth, where the boundaries of dreams and reality are completely erased. A visit to the underground city, in addition to visual sensations, involves all the human senses, impresses with mysterious sounds and aromas.
19. Hochosterwitz Castle (Carinthia)
Austrian landscape with Hochosterwitz castle in Carinthia
Hochosterwitz Castle on a 160 meter high dolomite rock
On the southern federal state of Carinthia, on a steep 160-meter hill and its slopes, one of the most picturesque forts of the country, the Hochosterwitz Castle, is located. To get inside, you need to overcome a serpentine road with 14 fortified gates – not a single enemy in a thousand-year history could take this castle, so its buildings even today retain their original appearance. The palace complex includes two courtyards – inner and outer, as well as the central residential palace and a number of other buildings. Within the walls of a residential castle, you can explore medieval interiors, paintings, a collection of armor, weapons and see a wooden statue of the once famous castle keeper – a real person whose height exceeded 2 meters.
Official website: https://www.burg
20. Innsbruck (Tirol)
Colorful facades of the medieval houses of Innsbruck along the river Inn
Not only ancient monuments, but also some festive events attract tourists to the Austrian city of Innsbruck. It is located in the historical region of Tyrol, located near the border with Switzerland – which is why some of the sights of Switzerland and Austria, if desired, can be covered in one trip. But people come to Innsbruck for skiing, walking around the historic district, and of course, to visit the grandiose Christmas market on Catholic Christmas. It is during this period that Innsbruck reveals itself in all its magical beauty, lights up with millions of neon lights, beckons with the smell of mulled wine and traditional kiahln donuts. Walking along the streets of its Old Town, you can hear live brass music, stock up on Christmas tree decorations and wooden souvenirs at the Christmas market.
21. Eggenberg Palace (Graz)
View from the park to the 17th century Eggenberg Castle Palace in the Austrian city of Graz
On the outskirts of the large Austrian city of Graz, there is the largest aristocratic residence in Styria – the baroque castle of Eggenberg, built in the 17th century. The palace was built by Prince Eggenberg in the era of great scientific discoveries, and the true traditions of Buddhism are the basis of its design. For example, there are only 365 windows in the castle – exactly as many as there are days in a year, and the sun peeps into each of them. In the park, located around the castle, there are 12 gates – this number corresponds to the number of months in a year, as well as 4 towers, symbolizing the four elements. Nowadays, part of the palace premises is used to display the archaeological collection with bronze jewelry, weapons, antique ceramics.
22. Monastery in Melk (Melk)
Baroque Benedictine monastery in Melk on the rocky bank of the Danube River in the Wachau valley
Inner courtyard of the Benedictine monastery in Melk
Austria is known for its large cities, with their ancient majestic buildings. At the same time, there are small towns and provinces in which the soul and heart of Austria lives. The most beautiful small towns in Austria sometimes keep their own unique, little-known history, which is revealed only to those who want to see this country from a new perspective. For example, the provincial town of Melk is the western gateway to the World Heritage-listed Wachau Valley. The Abbey, founded here in 1089, brought fame to the city, and the Benedictine monastery became the hallmark of the city. It is famous for its frescoed marble hall and a library with a hundred thousand books. The park of the monastery is especially beautiful, one part of which has retained the features of the Baroque, and the second was redesigned in the 19th century in the English style.
23. Hohenwerfen (40 km from Salzburg)
Hohenwerfen Castle is surrounded on all sides by mountain ranges
The architectural sights of Austria are complemented by another magnificent building, which seems to have descended from the pages of an old fairy tale. Hohenwerfen Castle is one of the most beautiful fortifications in the country, not so much because of the architecture, but because of the dizzying, magical views of the surroundings. It is located on a 155-meter hill, surrounded by mountains covered with dense forests, above the valley of the Salzach River. Once the castle was the residence of the princes of Salzburg, and now a number of museums and exhibitions operate within its walls. For example, the falconry museum, weapons exhibition, fortress tavern, folklore and local history museums are especially successful. Excursion vehicles go to the foot of the hill on which the castle is located, and special funiculars go upstairs.
Official website: https://www.salzburg
< h3> 24. Krimmler Falls (Krimmler-Ache River)
Krimmler waterfall in the Hohe Tauern National Park
Serene mountain lakes, crystal waterfalls, pristine protected parks, untouched mountain landscapes, amazing snowy valleys – Austria has collected all these treasures on its lands. The sights of nature are a great and important asset of this country. One of these treasures is the Krimmler waterfall, located in the Hohen Tauern Nature Park. This is the largest European waterfall with a height of 400 meters, which is why it is also called the European Niagara. Three consecutive water cascades, falling from stone ledges, where the highest point is 1460 meters, at the end of their path turn into a stormy mountain river Krimmler-Ache. The main part of the waters that feed the waterfall are the melt waters of glaciers.
Official website: https://www.wasserfaelle
25. Lake Faaker See ( Carinthia)
Turquoise water of the Alpine Faaker See lake in Carinthia Thomas G. Graf
Going on a trip to the sights by car, any traveler explores the horizons of opportunities that have opened before him and wonders what to see in Austria by car. Making the journey from Vienna to Venice, in the Austrian land of Carinthia, you can visit the beautiful turquoise lake, the waters of which have an amazing color due to limestone particles that create a blue “glow”. Not only the lake is beautiful, but also its surrounding areas – picturesque alpine meadows, fields, pristine forests and the peaks of the surrounding Karawanken rocks. The lake is equipped with a wonderful tourist center with bars, clubs, supermarkets and cafes, here you can also go fishing, wander along the forest paths or take a horseback ride. Next door to Austria is Italy, a country that has had a huge impact on Western culture and cuisine. Be sure to visit this country! Read about the sights of Italy and get inspired for your further journey through the countries of the European continent.