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Mysterious, enchanting, magical Prague – this is how you can briefly express the impressions of getting to know this Czech city, but no epithets will convey the emotions received personally from walking around the historical part of the city, shrouded in centuries-old secrets, from visiting monumental Gothic cathedrals and majestic castles, luxurious palaces and rich museums. You will always find something to see in Prague, even if you are already a sophisticated fan of this city, who was here not for the first time. The acquaintance with Prague can be continued endlessly – the city has its own magnetic charm, and the sights of Prague are one huge treasury that contains many historical milestones in the life of the Czech capital.
What to see in Prague first of all
< p> Guests of Prague are waiting for such a variety of excursion programs that sometimes it is not surprising to get lost in this abundance. Everyone, anticipating future adventures, is looking for something to see in Prague in 1 day, or plans a long trip. One way or another, it is very important to prepare in advance for the trip so that it meets and exceeds all expectations.
1. Charles Bridge
Charles Bridge over the Vltava River and the Small Tower at night
The overview opens up one of the main symbols of Prague, Charles Bridge – a 520-meter structure that allows you to cross to the other side through the waters of the Prague Vltava River. The history of the bridge began several centuries ago, in the 14th century, so many memorable events are associated with this building. For example, it was through this bridge that the Royal Route passed, along which Czech monarchs arrived for the coronation. Today, the bridge is the most important tourist point, as it connects two of the most important historical quarters of Prague, where a lot of city attractions are concentrated.
Official website: https://www.prague.eu/ru
2. Wenceslas Square
View from the National Museum on Wenceslas Square in Prague
This place can be called the heart of Prague – Wenceslas Square is located in the very center of the city and plays a leading role both for folk festivals and public holidays, and as a landmark of the city. The most important events that this place has seen in its lifetime cannot be counted: the end of the Second World War was announced here, Yuri Gagarin was met here with the “Mission of Peace”, the most important rallies were held here, and to this day meetings are scheduled and demonstrations take place here. The square is surrounded by many historical monuments, which even have memorial plaques with information about events associated with them.
3. Old Town Square
Old Town Square overlooking the monument to Jan Hus and historical buildings
When choosing where to go in Prague, it is worth getting to another city square, located in the historic district of Stare Mesto. This is the Old Town Square, known since the 12th century. Once upon a time, market life was in full swing on the square, numerous merchants, artisans, and merchants from different countries gathered here. And today it hosts mass celebrations, fairs and festivals. Here you can also stock up on memorable souvenirs, and from the high tower you can admire the panorama of the city, which opens from there in all its glory.
4. Old Town Hall
Old Town Hall with functioning astronomical clock from the early 15th century Mister No
Passing from the general to the particular, it is impossible to ignore the complex of historical buildings on the Old Town Square, called the Old Town Hall. These buildings served the needs of the self-government bodies of the Old City. In 1338, the authorities bought the stone house of the merchant Wolf Kamene, and later work began to expand the town hall, bought out and completed new premises, and the crown of these creations was the Astronomical Clock erected on the Old Town Tower – a unique technical masterpiece, reflecting the surprisingly delicate work of medieval masters.
5. Tyn Church
Church of Our Lady before Tyn – a medieval cathedral on the Old Town Square NoPlayerUfa
The top of the best sights of Prague continues with the main Catholic church of the city, located in the same area of Stare Mesto. The Tyn Church of the Virgin Mary is an extraordinary building in the Gothic style with Baroque elements, which rises majestically above the red-tiled roofs of the old town buildings. The towers of the temple are crowned with corner turrets, which gives it some fabulousness and even mysticism. The interior decoration deserves special attention: the temple contains as many as 19 altars, decorated in different years, starting from the middle of the 14th century, as well as a centuries-old tin font and more than a dozen historical paintings.
Check out the magnificent views of Prague in this beautiful video!
6. Prague Castle
Hradcany Square and the residence of the President of the Czech Republic in Prague Castle
Another ancient symbol of the Czech Republic, reflecting the thousand-year history of the state, is located in another historical area – Hradcany. This is Prague Castle – the greatest castle complex in the whole world. The history of the unique monument of antiquity begins in the distant 9th century, the most active construction takes place in the 14th century, and only in the 20th century did the Castle open its gates to visitors. Its entire territory includes three courtyards: the first one leads to the Gates of the Giants – the main entrance to the complex, the second one leads to the triumphal arch – Matthias Gates, and the third courtyard – the most spacious and oldest in the complex, where most of the ancient sights are concentrated, starting from the 9th century.
7. Old Royal Palace
One of the halls of the residence of Czech rulers from the 12th-16th centuries Ștefan Jurcă
All excursions to Prague, including a visit to the Prague Castle, certainly include its most important object – the Old Royal Palace. It was from here that the country was governed throughout its history, it was here that the residence of many Czech monarchs and Bohemian princes was located, and today the elections of Czech presidents are held here. The history of the architectural transformation of the palace is amazing – from a simple wooden building, the palace went through all conceivable architectural styles, from Gothic and Romanesque, to Renaissance and Baroque. Today the palace is one huge museum, including a chain of historical halls.
8. Summer Palace of Queen Anne
Square with a singing fountain in front of the summer palace of Queen Anne Karen Blaha
The next important object of Prague Castle is the romantic summer palace, which was a gift from King Ferdinand I to his wife Anna. Alas, the gift was not destined to come true, because. Anna did not live for several years to complete the construction of the palace. The building was decorated in the Renaissance style, the facade of the palace is surrounded by arcades of 36 Tuscan columns, and their cornices are decorated with mythological reliefs. Complementing this exquisite architectural creation is the beautiful Royal Garden in the Baroque style, with decorative trees, fountains, winding paths and green meadows.
9. Vysehrad Fortress
Vysehrad Fortress on a hilltop above the Vltava
To the south of the center of Prague, on a hill, there is another historical district – Vysehrad, on which the fortress of the same name rises. A visit to the Vysehrad Fortress is another way to see and visit the centuries-old historical buildings of Prague. The fortress itself, according to historical data, was built in the 10th century. Often this place is overlooked, giving preference to the Prague Castle, and at the same time, Visegrad has its own priceless monuments of antiquity – for example, a beautiful neo-Gothic cathedral, a cemetery with the graves of several hundred prominent personalities of Prague, the rotunda of the 11th century or the Visegrad casemates – a complex system underground tunnels.
Official website: http://www.praha-vysehrad.
10. Troy Castle
Troy Summer Palace or Troy Castle surrounded by a picturesque landscape park
Troy Castle is an elegant baroque palace complex that looks like it's straight out of a picture. It is located in the Prague district of Troy. This is a country residence, a museum with a unique collection of wines, and a neat creatively designed park – in a word, another beautiful place that is recommended to visit in Prague. The palace was built in the 17th century by order of Count Sternberg, in connection with which it served as the residence of the oldest Sternberg family for a long time. The main pride of the castle is its Imperial Hall with numerous colored frescoes depicting the plots of the Ottoman battle.
Official website: http://www.trojachateau.com/
11. Prague Loreta
Interior of Prague Loreta Church VitVit
Those who arrived in Prague for the purpose of pilgrimage, without thinking twice about what to visit in Prague, go to Prague's Loreta. This large-scale religious architectural complex gathers crowds of believers from all over Europe, as it symbolizes the Holy Hut – the very house in Nazareth, where the Virgin Mary heard the prophecy about the birth of the Savior. The foundation of Prague's Loreta is associated with the name of Katharina, a sincerely believing Czech aristocrat who donated a significant part of her fortune for the construction of a sanctuary – a prototype of the Holy Hut.
Official website: http://www. loreta
12. St. Vitus Cathedral
St. Vit, Wenceslas and Vojtech on the territory of Prague Castle
In the heart of Prague Castle, proudly rises St. Vitus Cathedral – the most famous national shrine of the Czech Republic. Initially, in the 10th century, on the site of the temple, there was a Romanesque-style rotunda of St. Vitus, which was later turned into a basilica, and only in the middle of the 14th century, on the initiative of King Charles IV, the construction of the cathedral began. During the large-scale construction of the cathedral, which lasted for 6 centuries, a whole galaxy of architects changed, and only the last of the architects, Camille Gilbert, was able to give the cathedral a unified architectural appearance in the Gothic style in the process of restoration work.
13. Strahovsky Monastery
Nan Palmero Library of Strahov Monastery
In one of the oldest districts of Prague – Hradcany – there is the Strahov Monastery, one of the earliest Christian buildings in the Czech lands. The history of the monastery began in the 12th century, with the emergence of the Premonstratensian religious order. Later, it was rebuilt and changed its architectural style many times, and there were more warehouses and barns in the monastery than cells and temples due to the presence of vast lands where various agricultural crops were cultivated. Today, the monastery, in addition to the monastery itself, includes the buildings of a library, a museum and even a brewery, where many varieties of high-quality beer have been made for several centuries.
14. Jewish Quarter (Josefov)
One of the surviving old buildings in the Jewish Quarter (Josefov) Michal Kmínek
The next part of the recommendations will certainly touch upon the Jewish Quarter, or the Josefov Quarter, located not far from the already well-known Old Town Square. Once upon a time, Jews settled in this microdistrict, also called the Prague ghetto, and the quarter itself was surrounded by a wall, since Jews did not have the right to settle outside it. Until the end of the 19th century, the area was full of crooked and dilapidated rickety houses and narrow lanes, and later the city authorities decided to demolish the old buildings and rebuild the area. Only iconic national buildings remained intact – a number of synagogues and the Jewish Museum with a collection of Jewish cult objects.
15. Toy Museum
Exhibits at the Toy Museum (Muzeum hraček) in Prague Leif Jørgensen
When visiting the Prague Toy Museum, it is as if you find yourself in a special country that has nothing to do with reality. A huge collection of unique toys from different times is collected on two spacious floors, and the oldest doll is about 2 thousand years old! The history of collecting toys began in 1968, with a small collection of film director Ivan Steiger. The first toys were purchased for work purposes, as film props, and later truly antique exhibits began to join them. Each category of presented toys has signs of its era and nation, so you can peer into the unique features of each creation endlessly.
16. Chocolate Museum
The building of the Choco-Story chocolate museum in Prague Ben Skála
Not far from the Old Town Square is the most “delicious” attraction of the Czech Republic, especially popular among those with a sweet tooth, the Chocolate Museum. This museum is very young – it opened its doors to visitors only in 2008. Going inside, visitors immediately plunge into the chocolate world, filled with their own tastes and aromas. The first section of the museum tells the story of the emergence of a cocoa drink, the second reveals the secrets of the origin of chocolate production, and the third section is full of collections of unique chocolate wrappers from different times.
Official website: http: //www.choco-story-praha
17. Speculum Alchemiae Magical Museum
Exposition of the magic museum “Speculum Alchemiae”
The chronicle of many European cities is sometimes full of mysticism, this also applies to Prague – you can plunge into the world of the supernatural in the Prague Museum of Alchemy. The history of this institution began in the 16th century, when the famous master alchemist Edward Kelly arrived in the Czech capital and organized laboratories in the city to conduct experiments on the verge of reality. The museum's two-story exposition consists mainly of copies of real devices used by the alchemist, as well as items typical of a magical arsenal – potion jars, flasks, stuffed animals, scrolls, and several wax figures of the magician himself crown the exposition.
Official website: http://www.alchemiae.
18. Wax Museum
Wax figure of Charlie Chaplin Yair-haklai
To see with your own eyes several dozens of historical figures who have become famous in world history is a truly unique chance for everyone. To this end, guides in Prague recommend going to the wax museum, where about sixty wax figures are collected on a relatively large area, amazingly accurately conveying the appearance of prominent people. Among them are international celebrities, and world cinema stars, and politicians of all times, and artists, and world-famous dictators, who even have a separate podium.
Official website: https ://www.chocotopia.
The slides in the AquaPalace water park are designed for families with children
Honoring the centuries-old tradition of building palaces, Praguers built a real water palace – this is the name of the water park located in the town of Cestlice near Prague. On a vast territory of 9 thousand sq.m. there are a large number of water attractions and pools, divided into several zones. Numerous water activities, a diving center, as well as saunas, massage rooms, spas, fitness rooms and even your own hotel – all this abundance will not leave indifferent not only children, but also the most sophisticated adults.
Official website: https://www.aquapalace.
20. Dancing House
The Dancing House is a symbolic building depicting a dancing man and woman Francisco Antunes
The trendy architectural direction, the deconstructivism style, gave a unique shape to buildings in different parts of Europe, and did not bypass Prague. The Dancing House is a vivid example of a very successful embodiment of style. The reviews of those who have been here confirm that this architectural creation, dedicated to a pair of famous American dancers of the early 20th century, really resembles a couple united in a dance. Today, the premises of such an unusual building are occupied by an international office center, and at its very top there is a restaurant with a panoramic view of the city.
Official website: http://tadu.cz/en/
21. John Lennon Wall
Wall with numerous graffiti created by fans of D. Lennon and the Beatles Mihael Grmek
With the death of the famous composer from the Beatles in 1980, a local landmark was spontaneously formed in Prague – a wall entirely dedicated to the memory of John Lennon. Fans, inspired by the work of the famous “Beatle”, as a sign of memory, centimeter by centimeter, painted the wall, which until then was the most ordinary wall opposite the French embassy building. Images, well-known sayings of the musician, significant excerpts from songs, applied by means of graffiti, dotted the entire surface of the wall. And despite the fact that John Lennon has never been to Prague in his life, his memory still lives on this wall and in the hearts of thousands of fans.
22. Vinarna Devil
The narrowest street between houses in Prague ŠJů (cs:ŠJů)
Just a few hundred meters from the Charles Bridge, there is another interesting place that is difficult to notice without knowing about its existence. This is Vinarna Chertovka – the narrowest street in Prague: it does not exceed 0.7 meters in width. In fact, the 10-meter street is a narrow passage between two buildings, originally planned for fire purposes. In order for two people walking along the street in opposite directions to disperse, traffic lights are installed at the beginning of the street. Going down the stone steps of the stairs laid in the passage, you can immediately get to the terrace of the famous winery of the same name.
23. Golden Lane
Street-museum with “toy houses” inhabited by fairy tale characters Michal Kmínek
The ancient fortress of Prague Castle includes an attraction that is worth talking about separately. We are talking about the Golden Street, which is a narrow alley with colorful houses built into the arches of the fortress walls. The history of the street began in the distant 16th century, when the Czech king decided to further extend the walls of the fortress and build houses into them for the families of the guards to inhabit. But there was a street in this place before, only jewelry workshops were located there – this explains the name of the street, which has survived to this day.
Official website: https://www.prague
24. National Theater of Prague
Prague's National Theater on the Vltava river embankment
Acquaintance with the theaters of Prague should begin with its main pride – the National Theater, which is considered the main one not only in the city, but throughout the country. The history of the cultural landmark dates back to the 70s of the 19th century, when the Society for the Construction of the Theater was founded, an architectural project was drawn up, and in 16 years the majestic neo-Renaissance theater building was erected. In keeping with the style, the building is lavishly decorated, including excerpts from the great works of Czech painting among the subjects. Initially, the theater was planned as a venue for showing works of Czech national art, but for some time now the repertoire has included works from around the world.
Official website: https://www.narodni-divadlo
25. National Museum of Prague
The facade of the National Museum of Prague overlooks Wenceslas Square
Along with other Prague museums, every tourist should definitely visit the most important, the oldest state museum in the country. The National Museum opened its doors in 1818. The collection began with exhibits related to the field of natural sciences. Over time, thanks to the initiative of the head of the historical part, the collection began to expand and replenish with exhibits related to the history and cultures of other countries, a library and a department related to national music appeared. The magnificent decoration of the museum corresponds to its status – inside there are spacious halls, wide staircases lined with carpets, the walls are generously decorated with sculptures and frescoes.
Official website: http://www.nm.< /p>
Prague attractions: what else to visit in Prague?
The main attractions of Prague, listed above, are recommended to be included in the program of the first acquaintance with the city. They convey the very essence of this ancient city, as well as the entire Czech Republic as a whole, but besides them, there are always other interesting memorable places that convey the Czech flavor and spirit of these places. Let's take other sights of Prague as an example, photos with names and descriptions worth visiting.
26. Franz Kafka Museum
Traveling exhibition dedicated to the Czech writer F. Kafka ŠJů (cs :ŠJů)
Prague is a multifaceted city, and it makes its own impression on everyone. The Kafka Museum is an opportunity to look at Prague through the eyes of an immortal writer who loved and at the same time
hated his hometown, this is an opportunity to live the inner drama that the famous modernist lived during his short life. The exposition of the museum is divided into two parts. The first one reveals in detail how Prague shaped the life of the writer, who his friends and relatives were, correspondence, first publications and drawings are shown. The second part allows you to see Prague through the eyes of the author, where each place is not named literally, but recognizable by its description.
Official website: http://www.kafkamuseum.
27. Beer Museum
Tasting the famous Czech beer at the Beer Museum in Prague
The beer museum in Prague is an opportunity not only to get acquainted with the history of beer production in the Czech Republic, but also to taste one of the thirty types of high-class drink. In a cozy and inviting atmosphere, in a room decorated in a somewhat ascetic manner, illuminated by retro lanterns, everyone can taste traditional beers and original types of drink – for example, cherry or chocolate. Since the bar is very popular, it is necessary to plan your visit in advance by booking a seat.
Official website: http://www.praguebeermuseum
28. Havel Market
The year-round food and souvenir market of Havel has existed since the 13th century Diligent
Another attraction of the rating, which can be very useful for tourists, is the Havel market. It is here that you can choose original souvenirs, buy memorable gifts for your family and friends. In addition to souvenirs, the stalls sell honey, jam, flowers, fresh fruits and vegetables. The history of the origin of the market goes back centuries and begins in the 13th century, when a fruit market was founded here. Over time, other provisions began to be sold here, and even later, folk crafts.
Official website: https://www.prague
29. Prague Zoo
Giraffes at Prague Zoo Packa
One of the largest European zoos, ranked among the best zoos in the world, is located on the outskirts of Prague, its area is 600 thousand square meters. The Prague Zoo deserved such a high status primarily due to the large-scale work on the restoration of endangered species. In total, the zoo includes three large pavilions and several small ones. The large ones contain exotic animals and plants of the tropical jungle, as well as the inhabitants of Africa and South America. Small pavilions have no specific purpose, they are also inhabited by large inhabitants such as lions, tigers, gorillas, and small animals such as turtles, penguins and reptiles.
Official website: https://www.zoopraha.cz/en
30. Křižikov Fountains
Krizik fountains in the large park complex Vystavste in Prague at night
For almost a hundred years, the singing fountains in Prague have been ranked first in the ranking of water and light shows around the world. They are located in a large park complex Vystavsht. This water miracle was designed by Frantisek Krzhizhik, a famous Czech engineer. The pumps he developed in 1891 became world records for pumping water per unit of time. After reconstruction in 1991, the fountains were improved and turned into a grandiose structure that combines the extravaganza of water jets, music and a light show. From time to time, the shows are complemented by performances by ballet dancers and dance groups of the country.
Official website: http://www.krizikovafontana
One of the most visited cities in Europe attracts its visitors with a mystical sea of sights and mysterious legends, which, passing from mouth to mouth over the centuries, envelop Prague with a mystical veil. This is accompanied by grandiose Gothic buildings, and the works of many writers, in which it was in the Czech lands that numerous magicians performed great deeds. The developed tourist infrastructure also contributes to the influx of guests, and some hotels in Prague are included in the list of the most luxurious hotels in the world.
Read also about the sights of Brno and be inspired to travel further around the Czech Republic.