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Poland is one of the countries with a rich history, it has always attracted a large number of ancient monuments, picturesque landscapes. Today you will learn about the sights of Poland, what this country can be remembered for. It is better to plan your trip in advance. This is especially true of what to see in Poland.
What to see in Poland in the first place?
This is a country with hospitable and friendly people, which makes you want to visit it even more. Let's move on to the main thing, what can be seen so beautiful in a state located in the central part of the European continent?
1. Old Town of Warsaw
Architecture of the Old Town of Warsaw
Traveling around the country is worth starting with an acquaintance with the historical district of its official capital. It is represented by a market square with a large number of shops, cafes and restaurants for every taste and color. A positive feature of this landmark of Poland is the richness of the area with monuments of medieval architecture. It is interesting to know that the Old Town was founded back in the 13th century, initially it was surrounded by an earthen rampart, later it was replaced with brick walls. Don't forget to take your camera to take many beautiful photos.
2. Marienburg Castle
Marienburg Castle – the residence of the Crusaders of the Teutonic Order
Among the main attractions of the country is the “nest” of German knights. The brick bulk of this castle rises on the banks of the Nogat River, which flows 80 km from the border with the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation. Its history began 700 years ago, when the residence of the Teutons was officially transferred from Venice to Marienburg. The fortress was repeatedly completed and decorated. In 1945, the castle was heavily damaged, but after the end of World War II, it was literally rebuilt. Now a museum functions within the walls of the building, it presents interesting weapons collections, amber jewelry, armor.
Official website: http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/en
3. Tatra Mountains
Mountain slopes of the Tatras
This is the name of the Carpathian mountain system, the highest point of which reaches 2499 m. This place attracts tourists not only with heights in the range of 1800-2500 m, but also with glacial cirques, mountain lakes in large numbers, and deep valleys. The rating of this attraction in Poland is rated as high, all because there is still a ski resort here, known as Zakopane. From the capital, you can get here by train. The Tatras are also known for their caves, of which there are really many.
4. Old Town of Krakow
Trade building « Cloth Rows” in the Old Town of Krakow
If you plan to go specifically to Krakow, it is better to start your review from the Old Town, from which all roads lead to the market square. It is a “front living room”, both local residents and guests of the country are used to gathering on it. Cracowians are proud of their square, because it is considered one of the largest in Europe, it occupies 200*200 m. A trip to the Old Town is worth it, because the market ensemble has preserved in detail the layout of the times when trade was carried out with all of Europe.
5. Wawel Castle
Wawel Castle – a royal castle on Wawel Hill
This is one of the best attractions in Krakow, represented by a large pedestrian zone. Attention is immediately attracted by a strange sculpture in the form of a dragon. Against its background, tourists like to be photographed, a whole legend is associated with it. The castle rises above the Vistula River, but stands on a hill. The territory attracts with an abundance of flowers, processions are held here in honor of the celebration of May 1 and not only. Entrance to the castle is free, but if you want to visit the underground tombs, climb the bell tower or find yourself in the royal chambers, you will need to pay money.
Official website: http://wawel. krakow.pl/en/
6. Wooden churches of the south of Lesser Poland
Wooden church in Dibno Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland
Interesting places are located in the south and east of Lesser Poland Voivodeship, there is a whole group of historically valuable churches made of natural wood from an architectural point of view. Most of them have the appearance of a log house, and some represent different architectural styles. The buildings fit perfectly into the picturesque mountain landscape. From the description of this landmark in Poland, you can find out that it is included in the UNESCO list.
Feel the atmosphere of Poland in this beautiful video!
7. Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum in Oswiecim
Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oswiecim
Everyone knows that in one of the Polish cities during the Second World War there were three Nazi concentration camps. Auschwitz has a museum dedicated to this topic. It recalls that at one time hundreds of thousands of people died here. 90% of them were Jews brought from various countries of occupied Europe. During the existence of the concentration camp, more than a million people were killed. Getting into this museum, it is impossible to remain indifferent. This landmark in Poland has displays of items that were taken from the victims by the Nazis.
Official website: http://auschwitz.org/en/
8. Old city in Gdansk
Embankment of the Moltava River in the Old Town of Gdansk
What to visit in Poland? The most ancient part of the Gdansk settlement deserves attention. During the Second World War, a huge number of buildings were damaged, and some even turned into a pile of rubble. Very few buildings were saved. At the end of hostilities, the architecture was restored in accordance with the appearance of the 13th-17th centuries. Where to go in Poland first of all? Of course, in the old city. It is decorated with many colorful buildings, some of them are decorated with drawings carved on wood, sculptural decorations. The view of the ancient center of Europe always leaves vivid impressions.
9. Masurian Lake District
Panorama of the Masurian Lake District < p>This landmark of Poland is one of the most beautiful. Tourists are delighted with the beauty of the local nature. Mazury is a historical and ethnographic region in the northern part of the country. There are about 4 thousand lakes in this region, most of which are connected by canals and rivers. The total area of Mazury is about 1700 km². Here you can ride sailboats, kayaks.
10. Statue of Christ the King
Impressive statue of Christ the King
This landmark of Poland is one of the modern ones; its opening took place in 2010. The unique feature of the statue is that it is the tallest in the world (36 m). Before its appearance, the famous statue in Rio was considered as such. If you drive along the highway towards Swiebodzin, the figure of Christ with outstretched arms is clearly visible. The idea of building the monument belongs to canon Sylvester Zavadsky. Guides in Poland consider it their duty to show the statue of Christ to tourists.
Sights of Poland: what else to visit in Poland?
A trip to the described country will definitely be interesting. It contains just a huge number of historically significant places that deserve attention. What to see in Poland when it seems that you have already seen everything?
11. Wieliczka Salt Mine
The central altar of the chapel of St. Kinga in the Wieliczka salt mine
A 30-minute drive from the capital, the royal city of Krakow, there is another attraction in Poland. This is a small town with only 20,000 inhabitants. Its uniqueness lies in the presence of salt mines. They formed naturally, many years ago there was a large expanse of water. Excursions in Poland in this direction are held regularly, tourists are shown places where salt was once mined.
Official website: https://www.wieliczka.ru
12. Slowinski National Park
Landscape of the Slovinsky National Park
Thinking about what to visit in Poland? Head to the city of Leba, where there is an interesting place in the form of a park area in the central part of the Polish coast. It was founded with the aim of preserving the natural beauty of the area. Meadows, a system of lakes, coastal forests, and unique dunes also needed protection. Reviews about this place are full of admiration. The park has picturesque lakes into which sea water enters during strong storms. The tourist infrastructure here is rated as well developed.
13. Wilanów Palace
Majestic Royal Wilanów Palace
Do you want to see the most important landmark in Poland? Welcome to the palace, located on the southeastern outskirts of Warsaw. It is made in the Baroque style, and adjacent to it is a garden that the Poles are proud of. The residence for the rulers was built at the end of the seventeenth century, during its existence it was repeatedly completed. It was within the walls of the palace that one of the first art museums in the country was opened, it happened in 1805, and on the initiative of Pototsky S.K.
14. Wroclaw Cathedral
St. John the Baptist Catholic Cathedral
Move on. What to see in Poland, so as not to regret? Attention deserves a beautiful and majestic building in the Gothic style, which has neo-Gothic elements. This is the fourth church on Cathedral Island, the first one was built in the 10th century. Its feature was a nave 25 m long. The modern version of the Wroclaw Cathedral looks like a three-aisled basilica with several entrances. This place is one of those that can be seen in Poland in 1 day. The cathedral is located in the central part of Wroclaw, namely between the botanical garden and the river.
The town of Zakopane among the snowy Tatras
A city located in the extreme south of the country has many positive recommendations. Here it is considered one of the largest winter sports centers. Fans of skiing are offered both simple, gentle slopes, as well as difficult, steep ones. In some places, the elevation difference reaches 930 m. What to see in Poland, you ask? Head to Zakopane, where as many as 10 ski centers await you.
16. Belovezhskaya Pushcha
Fauna of Bialowieza national park
This is the largest corner of the relict primeval lowland forest. Once it grew throughout Europe, but gradually it was cut down. The trees survived only in the Belovezhskaya region, which is on the territory of Poland and Belarus. Pushcha is considered one of the most valuable objects of nature, which is under the “protection” of UNESCO. A feature of the national park is the richness and diversity of vegetation. Numerous animals live there, most of which are listed in the Red Book.
Official website: https://bpn.com.pl/index.
17. Lazienki Park
Palace on the water in the Royal Lazienki park
In the heart of the Polish capital there is a unique and very beautiful park area. The park was created in the 17th century, it was originally planned that it would be a nature reserve. There are not so many animals here, squirrels and peacocks attract attention. The attractions of the park include the Palace on the water, the White House, the Roman theater, the Egyptian castle and more. All of them have their own interesting history.
Official website: https://www.lazienki-krolewskie.pl/ru
18. Old part of Zamość
Fort in the Old Town of Zamoska
The settlement itself appeared on the idea and desire of one person, who was the crown chancellor. His name was Jan Zamoyski, he wanted to have his own residence, which would be worthy of his high position. The result was a unique architectural ensemble of its kind, which includes a large number of masterpieces with historical and cultural significance. By the way, there are no problems with hotels in Poland, no matter which direction you choose, there are apartments everywhere, the main thing is to take care of booking in advance.
19. Churches of the World
Facade of the Holy Trinity Church of Peace in Swidnica
What to see in Poland interesting and not quite ordinary? In some cities of the country there are wooden sacred buildings, which are considered the largest in Europe. Just over 15 years ago, they were included in the UNESCO list. There is a peace church in Jawor, Swidnica, Glogow. Each has its own interesting story. They not only hold services, but also organize excursions.
Official website: http://kosciolpokojujawor.pl/en/
20. Architectural and park complex Kalwaria Zebrzydowska
In this city there is an interesting religious complex, which looks like a structure made in the spirit of Mannerism. The surrounding area has a park and several gardens. The multifunctional complex was erected in the 17th century, namely during the period of the Catholic church-political movement in Europe, when numerous religious buildings were “created” in memory of Golgotha.
Official website: http ://kalwaria.eu/strona/english
21. Muskau Park
New palace in the park Muskau
The uniqueness of this attraction lies in the fact that it is located on the territory of several countries at once. It was founded in 1815, the order was issued by the Prussian aristocrat Prince German. He always wanted to have a personal garden that would look like a natural landscape. With a lot of effort, he managed to make the dream a reality, and modern people enjoy the results. In order to hide the artificial origin of the large garden, a variety of trees, shrubs, flowers and more were used.
22. Książ Castle
Beautiful and monumental Książ Castle
What to see in Poland? If there is an opportunity, do not leave without attention the beautiful and one of the largest castles in Europe, for the Poles this place is very significant. Its peculiarity is the environment of beech forest, in which there are whole thickets of rhododendrons. The building is located not far from Walbrzych, namely on a rocky cape, it is surrounded by a natural gorge. In order to return the castle to its former splendor, it is currently being systematically restored and renovated inside.
Official website: http://www.ksiaz.walbrzych.pl/en
23. Bieszczady National Park
Expanses of Bieszczady National Park
In terms of its size, it ranks third in the ranking of national park areas. There are 23 of them in the country. It is Bieszczady that is located in the Podkarpackie Voivodeship, namely in the southeast side. Today, the area of the park area is 292 km², it includes the highest points of the massif called Bieszczad. 80% of the entire park is represented by forests, where there are a huge number of plants, mosses, mushrooms, lichens. There are also many animals, interesting bird species, and it is not surprising that the place is very popular among tourists.
24. Moszno Castle
Moszno Castle – – a delightful building of the 17th century
This is not quite an ordinary palace, because it resembles a theatrical scenery. Just think, the structure includes 99 towers. The view is admired not only by children, but also by adults. It is interesting to know that the beautiful castle has never performed a defensive function throughout its existence. This is the reason for the lack of interest in him from foreign conquerors, which allowed him to remain unharmed. Moszno Castle is a real “cocktail” of styles. Its façade is Baroque, the east side wing is neo-Gothic, the western part corresponds to the classical Neo-Renaissance style.
25. Yasnaya Gora
Catholic Monastery Jasna Hora in Czestochowa Aneta Lazurek
This is the main shrine of Poland. The miraculous icon of the Mother of God of Czestochowa is kept in the monastery, she is also the patroness of the country. This place is one of the popular places of pilgrimage, there are many myths and facts about it. What to see in Poland, namely on the territory of Jasna Gora? Attention should be paid to the towering powerful bastions, the main temple and the chapel. Of particular interest is the Knights' Hall, which used to host receptions for honored guests. Another complex of buildings includes sacristies, libraries with old prints and more.
26. Old Town in Torun
Medieval Old Town in Torun
It is worth noting that this Polish landmark is included in the List of National Treasures. The ancient part of the city is special because it contains unique architectural monuments. It is separated by a moat and a river, not an exception are the city walls, which are only partially preserved. At one time, the Old Town was expanded, now in its central part there is the Old Town Square, the northwestern part is represented by the territory of the former monastery, in the southwest there is a marriage church. During the Swedish siege, the described part of the city was badly damaged, then a large number of buildings were burned and destroyed. Extensive restoration work began only after 1945. Today, the Old Town is deservedly considered the pearl of Torun.
27. Old Powazki
Old Powazki – famous necropolis of Warsaw Krzysztof Belczyński
This is a cemetery where famous figures of Polish history and culture are buried. A considerable part of it is reserved for the graves of the military, victims of the wars of the 19th-20th centuries. The attraction is located in Warsaw, it is interesting because some of the tombstones are real works of art. It is especially beautiful here on the night of All Saints Day. On October 31, a large number of people come to the cemetery to honor the memory of the fallen, for which a huge number of candles are lit on the graves.
28. Hill of Crosses Grabarka
Wooden crosses of pilgrims on the Holy Mountain Grabarka
A place with an interesting name is considered holy; pilgrims come to bow to it from various countries of the world. On the days of major church holidays, a religious procession is arranged. This is the name of the event when a large number of believers go on foot. Sometimes the distance from the settlement to the mountain reaches 100 km, all this time people carry heavy wooden crosses. This custom has been around for 200 years. The mountain got its name due to the fact that on its top in the forest each pilgrim leaves his cross, of which a large number have already gathered there.
As you can see, there are really a lot of attractions on the territory of the described country, which is why tours in this direction are very popular. Experienced travelers recommend planning a trip in advance so as not to lose sight of all the most interesting and significant. The most popular cities among tourists are Gdansk, Krakow, the capital. The fact that they have interesting things was mentioned at the beginning. Whatever direction you choose, everywhere you will be impressed by an unforgettable atmosphere.
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